Bolivia is the fifth largest country in South America and has a hugely diverse topography, with microclimates and altitudes that are ideal for growing coffee. Most of the coffee grown in Bolivia is Arabica, composed largely of heirloom varietals like Typica and Caturra, and is grown organically. Bolivia has a long history of coffee production, though little is known about its introduction to the country, or commercial coffee production further back than around 1880. There are still commercial farms and haciendas in Bolivia, though most large estates have been expropriated as part of governmental land reforms, and redistributed to smaller, rural farming families. Since this legislation was put in place in 1991, 80% of the country’s coffee production is now produced by smallholders, who tend to 1.2 to 8 hectares of land, on average.